1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Hilaria Kunth
      1. Hilaria ciliata (Scribn.) Sohns

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons present. Culms erect; 25-45 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 1.5-15 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; hairy adaxially; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; closely spaced; in a multilateral false spike; cuneate; unilateral; 0.3-0.4 cm long; bearing a triad of spikelets. Central inflorescence axis 3-5 cm long; pilose. Rhachis obsolete; deciduous from axis. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 2 in the cluster.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; asymmetrical; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes united below; coriaceous; 5 -veined; scabrous; ciliolate on margins; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 3; exserted from glumes; muticous. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; asymmetrical; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes united below; coriaceous; 5 -veined; scabrous; ciliolate on margins; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 3; exserted from glumes; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; asymmetrical; 1.2-2 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; coriaceous; pallid; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1 mm long. Upper glume oblong; asymmetrical; 2.8-3.8 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; pallid; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; cartilaginous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex caudate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.8-3 mm long.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico.
    Reference
    Cynodonteae. Swallen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest

    Hilaria ciliata (Scribn.) Sohns appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [9310], Guerrero K000476022
    Pringle, C.G. [3128], Mexico K000309085

    First published in J. Washington Acad. Sci. 46: 317 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0