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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Hylebates Chippind.
      1. Hylebates cordatus Chippind.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Straggling annual, rooting at the lower nodes; culms 40–150 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 5–20 cm. long, 5–35 mm. wide, cordate and amplexicaul at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 8–25 cm. long, effuse, the spikelets on long capillary pedicels.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, light green, glabrous except for the scaberulous nerves; lower glume 0.5–1 mm. long, separated from the upper by a short columnar internode; lower lemma with an awnlet 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Woodland and riverine forest, in shade; 800–1300 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5 T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Straggling annual, rooting at the lower nodes.
    Culms
    Culms 40–150 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae narrowly lanceolate, cordate and amplexicaul at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 8–25 cm. long, ovate, effuse.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 0.5–1 mm. long, ovate, separated from the superior by a short columnar internode.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma with an awnlet 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Inferior
    Inferior lemma with an awnlet 0.5–1 mm. long. Inferior glume 0.5–1 mm. long, ovate, separated from the superior by a short columnar internode.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms prostrate; 40-150 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base amplexicaul. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-20 cm long; 5-35 mm wide; flaccid.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 8-25 cm long; evenly furnished. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.2-0.3 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.8-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; scabrous; rough on veins; glabrous; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0.5-1 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; chartaceous. Lemma margins flat; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous; without keels.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Hylebates cordatus Chippind. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Torre, A.R. [4945], Mozambique K000281569 isotype
    Torre, A.R. [4945], Mozambique K000281568 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in J. S. African Bot. 11: 128 (1945)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 65 (1965).
    • Chippindall in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 11: 128 (1945).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0