1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Isachne R.Br.
      1. Isachne globosa (Thunb.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Oman, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial. Glands annular. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent, or prostrate; 10-90 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1-4 mm long. Leaf-blade base cuneate, or broadly rounded, or cordate. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate, or ovate; 1-10 cm long; 4-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins unthickened, or cartilaginous; scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 1-15 cm long; 1-8 cm wide. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; eglandular, or glandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic to orbicular; 1.4-2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; 0.8-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy at apex. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong, or ovate; 1-1.8 mm long; 0.75-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy at apex. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea; separately deciduous. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic to ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; 1.3-1.5 length of fertile lemma; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous, or cartilaginous; glabrous. Fertile florets bisexual, or female. Fertile lemma ovate, or orbicular; 1-1.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea coriaceous; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.75-1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, and northwestern.
    Reference
    Isachneae. =Isachne dispar, Isachne miliacea. Gilliland 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, India, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Oman, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Isachne globosa (Thunb.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Larsen, K. [32168], Thailand K000688390
    Jan 1, 2004 Niyomdham, C. [1530], Thailand K000688389
    Aug 11, 1999 Brown, R. [6129], Australia K001056197
    Aug 1, 1963 Cuming, H. [2288], Malaysia K000290185 isotype
    Griffith [6565], India K000356456
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3428], Thailand K000621263
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7144], Thailand K000621264
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8003], Thailand K000621265
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11246], Thailand K000621266
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11246], Thailand K000621267
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13778], Thailand K000621268
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15987], Thailand K000621269
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15987], Thailand K000621270
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16407], Thailand K000621271
    Hansen, B. [12376], Thailand K000688391
    Smitinand, T. [2950], Thailand K000688387
    Cuming, H. [2288], Malaysia K000290186 isotype
    Clarke, C.B. [18129 A], India K000356455
    Hohenacker, R.F. [1275], India K000245427 Unknown type material
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], India K000245424 holotype
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], India K000356453 Unknown type material
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], India K000245425 holotype
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], India K000356452
    Laegaard, S. [21858], Thailand K000688386
    Niyomdham, C. [1058], Thailand K000688388
    Macrae, J. [230], Sri Lanka K000290187
    Klein, J.G. [1658], India K000245426 Unknown type material
    Trimen, H. [s.n.], Sri Lanka K000245429 holotype
    Trimen, H. [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001056208 holotype
    Blatter, E. [324], India K000245428 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [17931], India K000356454
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001056201
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K001056209
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001056210 Unknown type material

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 778 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iskandar, E.A.P. & Veldkamp, J.F. (2004). A revision of Malesian Isachne sect. Isachne (Gramineae, Panicoideae, Isachneae) Reinwardtia 12: 159-179.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0