1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Isachne R.Br.
      1. Isachne kinabaluensis Merr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to W. Malesia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long; woody. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths 4-7 cm long; longer than adjacent culm internode; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades ascending; lanceolate; 4-15 cm long; 5-10 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 11 cm long; 7 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 1.5-3.5 cm long. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels glandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; incurved at apex. Lower glume ovate; 2.4 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume ovate; 2.2 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea coriaceous; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia.
    Reference
    Isachneae. Gilliland 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Borneo, Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Isachne kinabaluensis Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clemens, M.S. [10704], Malaysia K000290192 Unknown type material
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3834], Thailand K000621272
    Sorensen, Th. [6298], Thailand K000688431
    Smitinand, T. [2326], Thailand K000688430

    First published in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 76: 77 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0