1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Kaokochloa De Winter
      1. Kaokochloa nigrirostris De Winter

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Namibia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 20-60 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths viscid; hirsute; with capitate hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-12 cm long; 5-10 mm wide; viscid. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides; with simple hairs and capitate hairs. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate. Panicle branches viscid; villous; with simple hairs and capitate hairs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform, or linear; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.3 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.3 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9-11 -veined. Lower glume surface villous; with simple hairs and capitate hairs. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 9-11 -veined. Upper glume surface villous; with simple hairs and capitate hairs. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 5 mm long; coriaceous; pallid and black; tipped with last colour; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins ribbed. Lemma surface villous; hairy below; hairy between veins. Lemma hairs 2 mm long. Lemma apex emarginate; cucullate (incurved); awned; 2-3 -awned. Principal lemma awn when present apical; 0-3 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns arising on margin of lemma; 4-6 mm long; longer than principal (flat below). Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface villous; hairy on flanks. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3; 3-4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; glabrous. Embryo 0.8 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Pappophoreae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Namibia

    Kaokochloa nigrirostris De Winter appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1961 De Winter [5679], Namibia K000366601 syntype
    Feb 1, 1961 De Winter [5679], Namibia K000366602 isotype

    First published in Bothalia 7: 480 (1961)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0