1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Koeleria Pers.
      1. Koeleria pyramidata (Lam.) P.Beauv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Siberia and Nepal.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths glabrous, or pubescent. Culms erect; 70-90 cm long; 2 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 7-24 cm long; 1.5-2.5 mm wide; mid-green, or glaucous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; 12-13.5 cm long; 3.5-5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches spreading; 2.5-4.5 cm long. Panicle axis pubescent. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.7-7.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-4 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-5.3 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 5.5-5.8 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; shiny; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma apex acute to setaceously attenuate. Palea gaping; 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia. North America: Mexico.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Albania

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Sweden

    Koeleria pyramidata (Lam.) P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Backer, C.A. [s.n.], Denmark K000808620
    Domin, K. [505], Czech Republic K000808617
    Kerner, A.J. [s.n.], Austria K000808618
    Symonowiczowna, T. [894], Lithuania K000808619

    First published in Ess. Agrostogr.: 166 (1812)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barina, Z. (2017). Revision of F. K. Meyer’s herbarium from Albania Phytotaxa 331: 213-223.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0