1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Australina Gaudich.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, Australasia.

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with prostrate and erect or ascending stems; monoecious, but with unisexual inflorescences
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate; cystoliths punctiform or linear; stipules lateral, free, or, in case of the leaves being opposite, partly fused to form interpetiolar stipules; lamina serrate or crenate
    Bracts
    Bracts absent or minute, at the bases of only the ♂ flowers
    Male
    Male inflorescences pedunculate in the axils of the upper leaves: ♂ flowers in a whorl at the end of the peduncle, (l–)2–4(–5); perianth conically fused at the base, unequally lobed in the upper part, the tip of the longer lobe inflexed at first, later reflexed, enclosing the single stamen; stamen at first inflexed, later reflexed; rudimentary ovary absent
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences usually axillary, usually below the ♂ inflorescences, consisting of a sessile cluster of 1–5 flowers; perianth tubular, with ± 5 obtuse teeth at the apex, surrounding the erect ovary which is terminated by a filiform style Male inflorescences pedunculate in the axils of the upper leaves: ♂ flowers in a whorl at the end of the peduncle, (l–)2–4(–5); perianth conically fused at the base, unequally lobed in the upper part, the tip of the longer lobe inflexed at first, later reflexed, enclosing the single stamen; stamen at first inflexed, later reflexed; rudimentary ovary absent
    Female
    Female inflorescences usually axillary, usually below the ♂ inflorescences, consisting of a sessile cluster of 1–5 flowers; perianth tubular, with ± 5 obtuse teeth at the apex, surrounding the erect ovary which is terminated by a filiform style
    Fruits
    Achene ovate, enclosed in the persistent perianth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria

    Australina Gaudich. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Voy. Uranie: 505 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Friis & Wilmot-Dear in Nordic Journ. Bot. 8: 53 (1988)
    • G.F.P. 2: 194 (1967)
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 117 (1888)
    • G.P. 3: 394 (1880)
    • in Freyc, Voy. Monde, Bot.: 505 (1830)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0