1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Littledalea Hemsl.
      1. Littledalea tibetica Hemsl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to China (Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 20-60 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 5-15 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-12 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 10-12 cm long. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose; 1-2 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; flexuous; 10-30 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2 mm long; smooth.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2 mm long; smooth.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 6 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 9 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 6-7 mm long; 4 mm wide; scarious; much thinner on margins; purple; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma apex truncate, or obtuse. Palea 0.4 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Bromeae. Hemsley.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, East Himalaya, Nepal, Tibet, West Himalaya

    Littledalea tibetica Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Littledale, S.G.R. [s.n.], Tibet K000913508
    Littledale, S.G.R. [s.n.], Tibet K000913509

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 25: t. 2472 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0