1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Lolium L.
      1. Lolium remotum Schrank

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Pakistan to W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 23-104 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate; 1-2 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2.5 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades 10-26 cm long; 1-6.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 20-23 cm long; bearing 3-20 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis semiterete; 0.5-1.4 mm wide; smooth on margins, or scaberulous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-16 mm long; 1-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.8-2 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-16 mm long; 1-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.8-2 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-16 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1.2-1.8 mm wide; coriaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 3-7 -veined. Lemma apex erose; obtuse; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0-10 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels smooth, or scaberulous; adorned above. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.6-2.2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong, or ovoid; 3.2-4.5 mm long. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: eastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, and China. Australasia: Australia. South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Terrell 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Pakistan, West Himalaya

    Extinct in:

    Belgium, Netherlands

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Finland, France, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Manchuria, Morocco, Netherlands, Newfoundland, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Ontario, Portugal, Sicilia, Spain, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang

    Lolium remotum Schrank appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan [s.n.] K000913381
    Schleicher, J.C. [s.n.] K000913346
    Lejeune, A.L.S. [s.n.] K000913379
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000913345
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000913380
    Schultz, F.G. [89] K000913382

    First published in Baier. Fl. 1: 382 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0