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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Lophatherum Brongn.
      1. Lophatherum gracile Brongn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Japan and Tropical Asia, N. Queensland.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Roots bearing tubers. Culms 50-100 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-20 cm long; 20-50 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral; 3-10 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-30 cm long. Rhachis angular; puberulous on surface. Spikelet packing contiguous, or lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume oblong; 4 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pilose; hairy above. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 5.5 mm long; 0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose; hairy above. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 6.5 mm long; herbaceous; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-1.5 mm long overall; limb retrorsely scabrous. Palea oblanceolate; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged. Palea apex dentate. Apical sterile florets 6-12 in number; barren; in a clump; elliptic; 2.5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 1.5 mm long; retrorsely scabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 2; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: south-central and northwestern.
    Reference
    Centotheceae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Caroline Is., Marshall Is., Society Is.

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Lophatherum gracile Brongn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9191], Thailand K000621674
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8167], Thailand K000621675
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9722], Thailand K000621676
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13097], Thailand K000621677
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16005], Thailand K000621678
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16964], Thailand K000621679
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19178], Thailand K000621682
    Sorensen, Th. [736], Thailand K000682281
    Larsen, K. [31465], Thailand K000682271
    Larsen, K. [1100], Thailand K000682274
    Renvoize, S.A. [s.n.], Thailand K000682283
    van Beusekom, C.F. [1699], Thailand K000682277
    van Beusekom, C.F. [3288], Thailand K000682279
    Chantaranothai, P. [90/194], Thailand K000682282
    Put [1990], Thailand K000621680
    Put [4318], Thailand K000621681
    illegible [8900], Nepal K000307947 Unknown type material
    Charoenphol, Ch. [4274], Thailand K000682270
    Charoenphol, Ch. [3863], Thailand K000682280
    Niyomdham [1448], Thailand K000682275
    Niyomdham [1603], Thailand K000682276
    Simitinand, T. [1849], Thailand K000682272
    Simitinand, T. [1888], Thailand K000682273
    Bunchai, K. [1732], Thailand K000682278
    Walker [920], Sri Lanka Lophatherum zeylanicum K000032446 isotype
    Thwaites [920], Sri Lanka Lophatherum zeylanicum K000032447 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in L.I.Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan.: 50 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0