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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Lophatherum Brongn.
      1. Lophatherum sinense Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. China, S. Korea, Japan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Roots bearing tubers. Culms 80-100 cm long. Ligule absent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-40 cm long; 15-36 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 6-9; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 18-25 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing crowded. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-10 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-10 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 3-5 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose; hairy above. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 5-7 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy above. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5-11 mm long; herbaceous; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Palea apex dentate. Apical sterile florets 5-6 in number; barren; in a clump; elliptic; 4 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 2 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Centotheceae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast, Japan, Korea

    Other Data

    Lophatherum sinense Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2003 Shearer [s.n.], China K000307953 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 421 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0