1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Didymodoxa E.Mey. ex Wedd.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Annual herbs, monoecious or (by abortion) dioecious
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, serrate, crenate or entire; cystoliths punctiform; stipules free, lateral
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences usually bisexual, axillary, sessile, bracted, bracts free, not prominent, usually shorter than the flowers
    Flowers
    Flowers: ♂ with a boat-shaped, sometimes almost bract-like perianth with erect tip and slightly fused cylindrical base, with 1 stamen, without rudimentary ovary; ♀ without perianth, ovary erect, with a subcapitate or shortly linear style
    Fruits
    Achene slightly winged along one side, other side rounded, frequently 2 ovaries or achenes join along the rounded side to form a double fruit, which is much larger than two single fruits, both seeds developing in this case
    Figures
    Fig. 17/A–G.
    [FZ]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Slender annual herbs, monoecious or dioecious by abortion.
    Cystoliths
    Cystoliths dot-like.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, serrate, dentate or entire; stipules lateral, free.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of dense sessile clusters, axillary or on reduced branches, bisexual or unisexual by abortion, always without a common involucre, but often with ciliate or bristle-bearing bracts.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile; perianth and staminodes absent; ovary erect, stigma sessile, filiform. Male flowers few together, sessile; perianth boat-shaped; stamen single, inflexed; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Fruits
    Achene with a narrow, slightly unilateral wing.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Fiji

    Didymodoxa E.Mey. ex Wedd. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Monogr. Fam. Urtic.: 547 (1856)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Friis & Wilmot-Dear in Nordic Journ. Bot. 8: 45 (1988).
    • Friis in Bol. Soc. Brot. 58: 209–210 (1985).
    • in DC., Prodr.16, 1: 235, 61 (1869).
    • in Archiv. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris 9 (Monogr. Urtic.): 547 (1856)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Friis & Wilmot-Dear in Nordic Journ. Bot. 8: 45 (1988)
    • in DC., Prodr. 16(1): 235/61 (1869)
    • in Archiv. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 9 (Monogr. Urtic.): 547 (1856)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0