1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Droguetia Gaudich.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Slender annual or perennial herbs, occasionally subshrubs, with erect or prostrate stems, monoecious or apparently dioecious (by abortion of all bisexual inflorescences leaving only female flowers).
    Cystoliths
    Cystoliths dot-like.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate, serrate; stipules lateral, free.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of sessile clusters in the leaf axils; clusters either bisexual with few-many flowers surrounded by a common campanulate involucrum of fused bracts or inflorescence clusters of many very small involucres each with 1(2) female flowers (the involucres then appear as perianths).
    Bracts
    Bisexual involucres usually with many male flowers and 1 -few female flowers (occasionally all the flowers are male); bracts and flowers with long woolly hairs.
    Flowers
    Female flowers naked, pedicellate, consisting of an ovary covered with a woolly tomentum; stigma sessile, filiform; staminodes absent Entirely-female involucres are common on certain individuals, and then much smaller and with much fewer flowers than the bisexual involucres. Male flowers pedicellate, club-shaped; perianth 3-lobed, one lobe apiculate and provided with prominent bristles; stamen 1, inflexed in bud, later reflexed; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Fruits
    Achene enclosed in the persistent involucre, brown, shiny, often crowned by the persistent stigma.
    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, occasionally subshrubs, with erect or prostrate stems, usually monoecious (or plants with only ♀ flowers by abortion of all bisexual inflorescences)
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, petiolate; cystoliths punctiform; stipules lateral, free
    Flowers
    Flowers in sessile inflorescences, single or few–many together, surrounded by an involucre of fused bracts; inflorescences bisexual or unisexual by abortion (and then usually ♀), axillary and/or in terminal spikes (if each involucre contains only 1(–2) ♀ flowers, the number of involucres in each leaf-axil is usually high) Female flowers without perianth, consisting of a pistil only; style filiform Male flowers ± boat-shaped; perianth cylindrical to conical at the base, open along one side and with a ± erect tip, enclosing 1 at first inflexed, later reflexed stamen; rudimentary ovary absent
    Male
    Male flowers ± boat-shaped; perianth cylindrical to conical at the base, open along one side and with a ± erect tip, enclosing 1 at first inflexed, later reflexed stamen; rudimentary ovary absent
    Female
    Female flowers without perianth, consisting of a pistil only; style filiform
    Fruits
    Achenes enclosed in the persistent involucre.7 species, distributed in tropical and South Africa, Yemen, S. India and Java.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Rwanda, Réunion, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Droguetia Gaudich. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Voy. Uranie: 505 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 303.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Friis & Wilmot-Dear in Nordic Journ. Bot. 8: 36 (1988).
    • in Freyc., Voy. Monde, Bot.: 505 (1830).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Friis & Wilmot-Dear in Nordic Journ. Bot. 8: 36 (1988)
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 117 (1888)
    • G.P. 3: 394 (1880)
    • in Freyc., Voy. Monde, Bot.: 505 (1830)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0