1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melica L.
      1. Melica subulata (Griseb.) Scribn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Aleutian Islands to W. & N. Central U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30-80 cm long; swollen at the base; forming an ovoid corm. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; scaberulous; glabrous on surface to puberulous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-5 mm long; glabrous on abaxial surface; erose, or lacerate. Leaf-blades 2-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough abaxially; puberulous to hirsute; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending, or spreading. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 12-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes terete; 2.5-3 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 12-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes terete; 2.5-3 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 5-6.5 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 7.5-9 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; with hyaline margins; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins obscure. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 9-13 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy below; hairy on veins. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy below. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 0.66-0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets barren; in a clump; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas acuminate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet far east. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, northwest USA, and southwest USA.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Fl Pac NW 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., British Columbia, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Washington, Wyoming

    Melica subulata (Griseb.) Scribn. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 37: 47 (1885)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Hultén, E.O.G. (1960). Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula: with notes on the flora of Commander Islands, ed. 2: 1-376. Weinheim : J. Cramer ; New York : Hafner Pub. Co.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0