1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Girardinia Gaudich.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Russian Far East.

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Erect annual (or very short-lived perennial) herbs, monoecious or dioecious by abortion, with long stinging hairs on all aerial parts; cystoliths punctiform
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple or mostly variously divided, margin coarsely serrate; stipules intrapetiolar, fused almost to apex
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence unisexual, consisting of dense elongated cymes in axils of upper leaves; the ♂ ones thinner and more spike-like than the ♀ ones
    Flowers
    Male flowers pedicellate, 4–5-merous, regular, with large rudimentary ovary Female flowers sessile, with 3 almost completely fused tepals which ± enclose the ovary, sometimes also with 1 minute, membranous, free tepal; staminodes absent; ovary ± asymmetrical, reflexed, laterally compressed, with sessile, filiform stigma
    Male
    Male flowers pedicellate, 4–5-merous, regular, with large rudimentary ovary
    Female
    Female flowers sessile, with 3 almost completely fused tepals which ± enclose the ovary, sometimes also with 1 minute, membranous, free tepal; staminodes absent; ovary ± asymmetrical, reflexed, laterally compressed, with sessile, filiform stigma
    Fruits
    Achene laterally compressed, rugose, released from the perianth.
    [FZ]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Erect annual (or short-lived perennial) herbs, monoecious or dioecious by abortion, with long stinging hairs on all aerial parts.
    Cystoliths
    Cystoliths dot-like.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate; lamina elliptic to ovate, mostly variously divided, margin coarsely serrate, always triplinerved.
    Stipules
    Stipules intrapetiolar, fused almost to the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences unisexual, consisting of dense, elongate cymes in the axils of upper leaves, male inflorescence thinner and more spike-like than the females.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile, with 3 almost completely fused tepals ± enclosing the ovary, sometimes also with one minute free tepal; staminodes absent; ovary ± asymmetrical, reflexed, laterally compressed, with a sessile, filiform stigma. Male flowers pedicellate, 4–5-merous with a rudimentary ovary.
    Fruits
    Achene laterally compressed, rugose, released from the perianth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Inner Mongolia, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Manchuria, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Primorye, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Girardinia Gaudich. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Voy. Uranie: 498 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 265.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Friis in Kew Bull. 36: 143–157 (1981).
    • in Freyc., Voy. Monde, Bot.: 498 (1830).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Friis in K.B. 36: 143–157 (1981)
    • G.F.P. 2: 183 (1967)
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 107 (1888)
    • G.P. 3: 384 (1880)
    • Endl., Gen. Pl.: 283 (1837)
    • in Freyc., Voy. Monde, Bot.: 498 (1830)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0