1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melocanna Trin.
      1. Melocanna arundina C.E.Parkinson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bangladesh to S. Thailand.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms erect; 240-450 cm long; 2.5 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 30 cm long. Culm-nodes flush with internodes. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several. Culm-sheaths deciduous; pubescent; with appressed hairs; without auricles. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5 mm high; dentate. Culm-sheath blade linear; erect. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-15 cm long; 17-25 mm wide; mid-green and glaucous; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; with 16-20 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Flowering specimens unknown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand

    Introduced into:

    China Southeast, Taiwan

    Melocanna arundina C.E.Parkinson appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Indian Forester 59: 326 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0