1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melocanna Trin.
      1. Melocanna baccifera (Roxb.) Kurz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Colombia
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1000-2000 cm long; 50-90 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 30-60 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; with subequal branches. Culm-sheaths persistent; coriaceous; pubescent; hairy throughout; with yellow hairs; without auricles. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed. Leaves cauline; 5-15 per branch. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 18-42 cm long; 20-90 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes (of raceme-like secondary branches); in oblong clusters; 1-1.5 cm long; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 1-1.5 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume lanceolate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma apex rostrate; mucronate. Palea without keels. Rhachilla extension 0.1-0.2 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; veined; ciliate. Anthers 5-7. Stigmas 2-4. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; ovoid; isodiametric; 75-125 mm long. Endosperm farinose (small).
    Vivipary
    Vivipary occurs.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Lin.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal

    Introduced into:

    Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Jamaica

    Melocanna baccifera (Roxb.) Kurz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Vaughan, R.E. [s.n.], Mauritius K000743043

    First published in Prelim. Rep. Forest Pegu, App. B: 94 (1875)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0