1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Miscanthus Andersson
      1. Miscanthus floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex K.Schum. & Lauterb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indo-China to Japan and Pacific.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 150-400 cm long; 8-16 mm diam. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-3 mm long. Leaf-blades 30-80 cm long; 15-40 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; obovate; 30-50 cm long; 10-20 cm wide. Racemes 10-25 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete; glabrous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 3-5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; recurved; unequal; 1-3.5 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-2 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-2 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; herbaceous; much thinner above; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; glabrous, or puberulous; hairy above. Lower glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume elliptic; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.9 length of spikelet; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliate on margins; obtuse. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2.5-3 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 5-15 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, and northwestern.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Koyama.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Philippines, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

    Introduced into:

    Arkansas, Hawaii, Marianas, Missouri

    Miscanthus floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex K.Schum. & Lauterb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2010 Cuming, H. [787], Philippines K000290872 isolectotype
    Jan 1, 1971 Cuming, H. [1841], Philippines K000290873 syntype

    First published in Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 166 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Peekel, P.G. (1984). Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for Naturalists: 1-638. Office of Forests, Division of Botany, Lae, Papua New Guinea.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0