1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Miscanthus Andersson
      1. Miscanthus fuscus (Roxb.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; reed-like; 100-300 cm long. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 2 mm long; brown; pilose on abaxial surface; obtuse. Leaf-blades 25-150 cm long; 4-40 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib widened. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle pubescent above. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; ascending, or drooping; 6-16 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 15-60 cm long; pubescent. Rhachis tough; pubescent on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform. Raceme-bases brief; pilose; hairy at base. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; angular; unequal; 1-2.5 mm long; glabrous; tip cupuliform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate, or obovate; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate, or obovate; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.5 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 2-3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume surface flat; glabrous. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 3 mm long; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; fringed above; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex muticous. Palea present, or absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Miscanthus fuscus (Roxb.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bor, N.L. [s.n.], Assam K000943445
    Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K000943442
    Ridley, H.N. [1189], Malaysia K000943441 isolectotype
    Put [2574], Thailand K000620309
    Innes, R.R. [590], Bangladesh K000795184
    Wallich, N. [8855], India K000943444
    Wallich, N. [8855], India K000943443
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000943446
    s.coll. [1005], India K000795185
    Schaaf, D. [14], Nepal K000795166

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 65 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0