1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Miscanthus Andersson
      1. Miscanthus junceus (Stapf) Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 100–300 cm high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminas 1–3 mm in diameter, terete, the midrib represented by a slender yellow line on the adaxial surface.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 20–50 cm long, linear to narrowly ovate, bearing racemes 2–8 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–5 mm long; callus beard 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet.
    Glume
    Inferior glume pilose to villous.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume pilose to villous.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma bidentate, with a weakly geniculate awn 2–10 mm long.
    Superior
    Superior lemma bidentate, with a weakly geniculate awn 2–10 mm long.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 100-300 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades terete; 50-100 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; hardened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; elliptic; 20-50 cm long. Racemes 2-10 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete. Rhachis internodes filiform; 3-5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.2-0.3 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.2-0.3 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; villous. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume lanceolate; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface villous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.9 length of spikelet; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 1-2 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate; hairy above. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 2-10 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. FZ.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Pampas grass, Swamp savanna grass

    Miscanthus junceus (Stapf) Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [3067], Angola K000280745
    Gossweiler, J. [4032], Angola K000280744 Unknown type material
    Gossweiler, J. [807], Angola K000280746 Unknown type material
    Gibbs, Zimbabwe K000280738 holotype
    South Africa K000280803
    Buchanan, J. [228], Lesotho K000280805 syntype
    Nelson, W. [73], South Africa K000280804 syntype
    Nelson, W. [77], South Africa K000280802 syntype

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 14e: 113 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/