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This species is accepted, and its native range is China to Malesia, Russian Far East to Temp. E. Asia.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 60-200 cm long; 3-7 mm diam. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-70 cm long; 6-20 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes few, or numerous; 4-40; digitate; drooping, or ascending; 10-30 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 6-15 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete; glabrous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 4-8 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal; 1.5-6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-1.7 length of spikelet.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-1.7 length of spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; with membranous margins; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; obtuse. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.25-0.33 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6-12 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea 0.5 length of lemma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: northwestern. North America: northeast USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: southern South America.
Reference
Andropogoneae. Koyama.

Native to:

Borneo, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Laos, Maluku, Manchuria, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Primorye, Sakhalin, South China Sea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Austria, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Egypt, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Illinois, Italy, Kentucky, Louisiana, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uruguay, Virginia, West Virginia

Miscanthus sinensis Andersson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1971 Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K001064378
Dec 29, 1963 Yamazaki, T. [296], Japan K001064361
Mar 1, 1962 McKee, H.S. [9004], New South Wales K001064499
Dec 1, 1871 s.coll. [s.n.], Japan K001064396
Hubbard, C.E. [8469], New South Wales K001064500
Price, W.R. [1006], Taiwan K001064454
Price, W.R. [1005], Taiwan K001064455
Price, W.R. [1005], Taiwan K001064456
Price, W.R. [1006], Taiwan K001064457
McClure, F.A. [10146], China K001064429
McClure, F.A. [10146], China K001064430
Holttum, R.E. [24995], Peninsular Malaysia K001064491
Holttum, R.E. [38435], Peninsular Malaysia K001064492
Holttum, R.E. [25268], Borneo K001064493
Burkill, H.M. [HMB 845], Peninsular Malaysia K001064490
Murata, J. [15759], Japan K001064375
Henry [1185], Taiwan K001064450
Hinds [s.n.], Hong Kong K001064439
Ridley [14033], Peninsular Malaysia K001064489
Henry, A. [s.n.], Japan K001064377
Henry, A. [5065], China K001064411
Henry, A. [10014], China K001064421
Henry, A. [s.n.], China K001064427
Henry, A. [1185], Taiwan K001064451
Henry, A. [1175], Taiwan K001064452
Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K001064390
Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K001064391
Moseley [s.n.], Malaysia K001064495
Tsang, W.T. [20750], China K001064432
Ohwi, J. [s.n.], Japan K001064372
Constable, E.F. [22672], New South Wales K001064497
Constable, E.F. [11116], New South Wales K001064501
Reeves [s.n.], China K001064426
Faurie [3280], Japan K001064376
Faurie [5097], Japan K001064402
Long, B. [522], Pennsylvania K001064509
Long, B. [522], Pennsylvania K001064510
Licent, E. [2429], China K001064425
Hu, S.Y. [8451], Hong Kong K001064435
Hu, S.Y. [6403], Hong Kong K001064436
Hu, S.Y. [6045], Hong Kong K001064441
Hu, S.Y. [11195], Hong Kong K001064443
Hu, S.Y. [8396], Hong Kong K001064444
Hu, S.Y. [6052], Hong Kong K001064445
Hu, S.Y. [8161], Hong Kong K001064447
Hu, S.Y. [8395], Hong Kong K001064448
Hu, S.Y. [8900], Hong Kong K001064449
Tsiang, Y. [8841], China K001064431
Kirkham [KFBX 151], South Korea K001064367
Kirkham [ETOT200], Taiwan K001064453
Schindler, A.K. [317], China K001064416
Murata, G. [19239], Japan K001064407
Vickery, J. [17889], New South Wales K001064496
Chung, H.H. [2012], Fujian K001064417
Chow, K.S. [78079], China K001064410
Furuse, M. [1599], Japan K001064349
Furuse, M. [4636], Japan K001064351
Furuse, M. [42477], Japan K001064364
Furuse, M. [46147], Japan K001064365
Furuse, M. [4614746147], Japan K001064366
Furuse, M. [41705], Japan K001064373
Furuse, M. [41746], Japan K001064374
Furuse, M. [13470], Japan K001064362
Furuse, M. [39526], Japan K001064392
Furuse, M. [28543], Japan K001064394
Furuse, M. [26811], Japan K001064395
Furuse, M. [11599], Japan K001064369
Furuse, M. [6932], Japan K001064370
Furuse, M. [7120], Japan K001064371
Furuse, M. [1367], Japan K001064387
Furuse, M. [1365], Japan K001064388
Furuse, M. [1628], Japan K001064389
Furuse, M. [4502], Japan K001064398
Cheo, H.C. [388], China K001064415
Takeda, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064406
Sampson, T. [973], China K001064412
Sampson, T. [809], China K001064428
Kirkham, T. [151], South Korea K000493924
Faurie, P. [10667], Japan K001064400
Faurie, P. [4636], Japan K001064405
Oldham, R. [300], Japan K001064401
Ridley, H.M. [9102], Borneo K001064494
Henderson, D.L.W. [299], New South Wales K001064498
Savatier, P.A.L. [1504], Japan K001064404
Rockhill, W.W. [s.n.], China K001064422
Yasuda, K. [1815], Japan K001064350
Keng [3895], China K001064409
Keng [s.n.], China K001064423
s.coll. [s.n.], China K001064413
s.coll. [546], Hong Kong K001064438
s.coll. [s.n.], Hong Kong K001064440
Tanaka, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064393
Tanaka, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064397
Tanaka, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064403
But, P. [279], Hong Kong K001064434
But, P. [278a], Hong Kong K001064437
Hickin, H.J. [s.n.], China K001064419
Du Toit, P.C.V. [1176], South Africa K001064504
Hu, H.H. [571], China K001064418
Hu, H.H. [571], China K001064420
Maekawa, F. [7136], Japan K001064424
Maruyama [1601], Japan K001064363
Carson-Roberts, D. [s.n.], Hong Kong K001064433
Xiao Bai-Zhong [4723], China K001064408
Nie, M. [92281], China K001064414
Asai, Sya [21362], Taiwan K001064442
Hu, A.Y. [9301], Hong Kong K001064446
Rehon, J. [s.n.], South Africa K001064505
Brumbach, W.M. [6925], Pennsylvania K001064506
Britt, R.F. [3054], North Carolina K001064507
Gillis, W.T. [14376], Michigan K001064508
Walker, E. [7773], Japan K001064399
Wykeham Perry, R [s.n.], Korea K001064368
Taquet [1782], Korea Miscanthus sinensis subsp. purpurascens K001064475

First published in Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12: 166 (1855)

Accepted by

  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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