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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Oplismenus P.Beauv.
      1. Oplismenus flavicomus Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms prostrate; 100 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-12 cm long; 7-20 mm wide; chartaceous. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface pilose. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 6-9; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-2 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 15-23 cm long; pilose. Rhachis angular; puberulous on surface and pilose on surface. Spikelet packing contiguous. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal, or the lower smaller. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.9 length of upper glume; 0.6 length of spikelet; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 4-7 mm long; without vesture (but scaberulous). Upper glume ovate; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume awn 0.5-1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 7 -veined; pilose (sparsely); hairy above; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.3-2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. SAR 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Oplismenus flavicomus Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7: 55 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0