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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia and N. Australia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; spongy. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 30-100 cm long; spongy. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 12-17 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 20-40 cm long; 5-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear; nodding; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; simple. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; angular; tip cupuliform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; 2-2.5 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation stout; 0.5 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; 2-2.5 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation stout; 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes both absent or obscure.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret linear, or oblong; 2.4 mm long; 0.25 length of spikelet; 1 -veined; without lateral veins. Lemma of upper sterile floret linear, or oblong; 2.4 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret. Fertile lemma oblong; laterally compressed; 7 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein spinulose. Lemma surface scaberulous and reticulate. Lemma margins interlocking with palea margins. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 60-70 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Palea elliptic; 7 mm long; coriaceous; 3 -veined; 1-keeled. Palea surface scabrous. Palea apex acute; muticous, or awned; awns 0-6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 6; 5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Disseminule comprising a floret.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and southern South America.
Reference
Oryzeae. Fl Ceyl.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, California, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico Southwest, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Oryza rufipogon Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 1, 2014 Spruce, R. [835], Brazil K001055159
Feb 1, 2014 Lankester, C.H. [s.n.], Brazil K001055163
Feb 1, 2014 Fróes, R.L. [21563], Brazil K001055162
Feb 1, 2014 Swallen, J.R. [4442], Brazil K001055158
Feb 1, 2014 Hill, S.R. [13000], Brazil K001055153
Feb 1, 2014 Ule, E. [8050], Brazil K001055156
Feb 1, 2014 Black, G.A. [52-14279], Brazil K001055166
Feb 1, 2014 Fróes, R.L. [21563], Brazil K001055161
Feb 1, 2014 Lanna, J.P. [419], Brazil K001055155
Feb 1, 2014 Katayama, T.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001055160
Feb 1, 2014 Trail, J.W.H. [1210], Brazil K001055165
Jan 1, 2014 Hill, S.R. [12912], Brazil K001055154
Jan 1, 2014 Hunt, D.R. [5937], Brazil K001055157
Apr 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1166], Brazil K001055164
Dec 4, 1984 Burkill [2825], Peninsular Malaysia K000290494 isotype
Dec 4, 1984 Tim, A.W. [s.n.], Pakistan K000032071 neotype
Dec 4, 1984 Katayama, T.C. [W0161], Thailand K000682216
Dec 4, 1984 Tagawa, M. [T 267], Thailand K000682214
Dec 4, 1984 Larsen, K. [8136], Thailand K000682212
Silva, F.de. [8632], India K000032068 holotype
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000032069 holotype
Duthie, J.F. [6745], India K000032070 Unknown type material
Dr. Hosfmann? [1195], Surinam K000433412
Kerr, A.F.G. [9798], Thailand K000631584
Kerr, A.F.G. [11088], Thailand K000631593
Put [2584], Thailand K000631586
Put [2584], Thailand K000631587
Collins, D.J. [1897], Thailand K000631590
Larsen, K. [32126], Thailand K000682213
Heyne [8632], India K000848943
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE64], Thailand K000682215
Cathiny, H.D. [s.n.], Thailand K000682218
Katayama, T.C. [W0165], Thailand K000682217
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE6], Thailand K000682204
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE8], Thailand K000682205
Niyomdham, C. [1939], Thailand K000682209
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE1], Thailand K000682203
Phengklai, C. [6041], Thailand K000682211
s.coll. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000848942
Put [2584], Thailand K000631588
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE27], Thailand K000682207
Kerr, A.F.G. [19686], Thailand K000631585
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE11], Thailand K000682206
Burkill, I.H. [29308], Bihar K000848944
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE84], Thailand K000682208
Kerr, A.F.G. [6667], Thailand K000631591
Smitinand, T. [2144], Thailand K000682210
Kerr, A.F.G. [11088], Thailand K000631592
Collins, D.J. [1897], Thailand K000631589
Kerr, A.F.G. [3884], Thailand K000631583
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE2], Thailand Oryza nivara K000682198
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE3], Thailand Oryza nivara K000682199
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE85], Thailand Oryza nivara K000682202
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE12], Thailand Oryza nivara K000682200
Songkran/DAVaughan [086/88/TNE75], Thailand Oryza nivara K000682201
Dec 4, 1984 Langfield, E.C.B. [101147], Northern Territory Oryza meridionalis K000848939 holotype

First published in Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 5 (1851)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (2011). Med-Checklist Notulae, 30 Willdenowia 41: 311-328.
  • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0