1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Ottochloa Dandy
      1. Ottochloa nodosa (Kunth) Dandy

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central Tropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. & NE. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; 100-200 cm long; spongy; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 5-15 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-15 cm long; secondarily branched. Central inflorescence axis 10-20 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; 0.3-0.4 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume margins eciliate, or ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.3-0.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume margins eciliate, or ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins involute; ciliolate. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; coriaceous; 2 -veined.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Gabon, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zaïre

    Ottochloa nodosa (Kunth) Dandy appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2002 Ridley, H.N. [1704], Singapore K000290325 isolectotype
    Nov 30, 1931 Wight, R. [1611], India K000245265 isolectotype
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19695], Thailand K000620876
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19695], Thailand K000620877
    Kerr, A.F.G. [21469], Thailand K000620878
    Kerr, A.F.G. [21469], Thailand K000620879
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14660], Thailand K000620884
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4411], Thailand K000620885
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4411], Thailand K000620886
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4427], Thailand K000620887
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4464], Thailand K000620888
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4466], Thailand K000620889
    Sorensen, Th. [3575], Thailand K000682901
    Larsen, K. [309], Thailand K000682890
    Larsen, K. [2288], Thailand K000682891
    Larsen, K. [31768], Thailand K000682895
    Larsen, K. [9793], Thailand K000682896
    Larsen, K. [9865], Thailand K000682897
    Larsen, K. [10216], Thailand K000682898
    Larsen, K. [10412], Thailand K000682899
    Larsen, K. [10640], Thailand K000682900
    Larsen, K. [467], Thailand K000682902
    unknown [s.n.], Malaysia K000290328
    Letouzey, R. [11654], Cameroon K000282335 holotype
    Geesink, R. [6815], Thailand K000682893
    Smitinand, T. [6085], Thailand K000682904
    Smitinand, T. [5876], Thailand K000682905
    Smitinand, T. [1607], Thailand K000682906
    Smitinand, T. [1842], Thailand K000682907
    Smitinand, T. [1859], Thailand K000682908
    Smitinand, T. [3009], Thailand K000682909
    Put [2564], Thailand K000620881
    Put [2564], Thailand K000620880
    Put [1824], Thailand K000620882
    Put [1824], Thailand K000620883
    Balansa, B. [1609], Vietnam K000290329 lectotype
    Balansa, B. [1614], Vietnam K000290330 isosyntype
    Balansa, B. [1613], Vietnam K000290331 isosyntype
    Balansa, B. [478], Vietnam K000290332 isosyntype
    Balansa, B. [1610], Vietnam K000290559 isosyntype
    Balansa, B. [480], Vietnam K000290560 isosyntype
    Merrill, E.D. [4228], Philippines K000290611
    Merrill, E.D. [4182], Philippines K000290612
    Wight, R. [1611], India K000245266 isolectotype
    Charoenphol, Ch. [4164], Thailand K000682894
    Kloss, C.R. [96], Peninsular Malaysia K000290326 paralectotype
    Yapp [238], Malaysia K000290327 paralectotype
    den Hoed, G. [219], Thailand K000682888
    den Hoed, G. [463], Thailand K000682889
    Murata, G. [T-16671], Thailand K000682892
    Boonark [228], Thailand K000682903
    Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Queensland K000349785 Unknown type material
    Merrill, E. D. [944], Philippines K000290609 neotype
    Bailey, F. M. [s.n.], Queensland K000674789

    First published in J. Bot. 69: 55 (1931)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0