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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Hawaiian Islands, Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical & S .Africa, w. Indian Ocean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Dioecious woody climbers, or lianas often reaching the top of the supporting tree, mostly fixed to the substrate by adventitious, axillary roots from the stems; stinging hairs on the herbaceous parts or at least a few on the petioles and inflorescences, rarely totally absent, frequently mounted on epidermal protuberances.
Morphology General Cystoliths
Cystoliths dot-like.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate; lamina simple, with an entire to dentate margin, triplinerved.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules fused for half to two thirds of their length, intrapetiolar.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, paniculate cymes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers 4–5-merous, stamens equalling the tepals in number; ovary rudimentary. Female flowers with 4 somewhat unequal tepals ± free or fused for at least three quarters of their length; staminodes absent; ovary ovoid; stigma almost sessile, penicillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an achene, enclosed by the persistent perianth which increases in size and becomes fleshy and orange-yellow or red in fruit.

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Woody climbers, often fixed to the substrate by adventitious axillary roots from the stems, dioecious, with stinging hairs on petioles and inflorescences, stiff hairs absent; young stems and petioles often with protuberances bearing stinging hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple; stipules intrapetiolar, fused, with free tips; cystoliths punctiform or elongated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of lax axillary racemes with the flowers in small cymose glomerules
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers 4–5-merous, with rudimentary ovary Female flowers with 4 somewhat unequal tepals fused in the lower part or with a ± completely tubular perianth bearing ± 4 indistinct teeth at the opening; staminodes absent; ovary ovoid, ± completely enclosed in the perianth; stigma almost sessile, penicillate
sex Male
Male flowers 4–5-merous, with rudimentary ovary
sex Female
Female flowers with 4 somewhat unequal tepals fused in the lower part or with a ± completely tubular perianth bearing ± 4 indistinct teeth at the opening; staminodes absent; ovary ovoid, ± completely enclosed in the perianth; stigma almost sessile, penicillate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an achene, enclosed in the persistent perianth which enlarges and becomes fleshy and red in fruit.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Galápagos, New Caledonia

Urera Gaudich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2005 Leitão, H.F. [13115], Brazil K000973242
May 1, 1995 Lane, P. [486], Cameroon K000027255
Pennington, R.T. [93], Bolivia 58939.000
Ule, E. [9329], Brazil K000973243
Schmidt, H.H. [1735], Ghana K000040264

First published in Voy. Uranie: 496 (1830)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 253.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Friis in Nordic Journ. Bot.5, 6: 547–553 (1986).
  • in Freyc., Voy. Monde, Bot.: 496 (1830).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 105 (1888)
  • G.F.P. 2: 181 (1967)
  • G.P. 3: 383 (1880)
  • in Freyc., Voy. Monde Bot: 496 (1830)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0