1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Caryopteris Bunge

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Siberia to China and Temp. E. Asia.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Shrubs and subshrubs, strongly aromatic
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, simple, toothed or entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary and terminal cymes, corymboid
    Bracts
    Bracts absent
    Calyx
    Calyx actinomorphic, accrescent, 5-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla bluish purple or pale green to yellowish, zygomorphic, 5-lobed (4/1), posterior lobes similar, ±entire, anterior lobe much larger, concave, dentate to fimbriate-laciniate, corolla in bud ±symmetrical
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, equal to didynamous, exserted, filaments straight, divergent, thecae parallel, separate at dehiscence
    Pollen
    Pollen suprareticulate or psilate, columellae sparingly branched
    Ovary
    Ovary unlobed
    Stigma
    Stigma lobes equal
    Disc
    Disc absent
    Fruits
    Fruit a schizocarp of 4 nutlets, nutlets boat-shaped (arcuate in cross-section) or nearly flat, laterally winged, usually smooth, glabrous or pubescent, attachment-scar as long as nutlet
    Endosperm
    Endosperm scanty.
    Note
    2n = 26, 52, 40?.
    Distribution
    Seven species, China, Mongolia, Tibet, Taiwan, Korea and Japan.
    [LKGF]
    Use
    The artificial hybrid C. x clandonensis A. Simmonds ex Rehder is widely grown as an ornamental.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Taiwan, Tibet

    Introduced into:

    Illinois

    Caryopteris Bunge appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Uchen. Zap. Imp. Kazansk. Univ. 1835(4): 178 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Cantino, Wagstaff & Olmstead, Syst. Bot. 23: 369-386 (1999).
    • Mastacanthus Endl., Gen. Pl.: 638 (1838).
    • Caryopteris Bunge, Plantarum Mongolico-Chinensium Decas Prima 27 (1835)
    • Barbula Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 366 (1790).

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0