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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum notatum Retz.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent, or rambling; 8-200 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths without keel; glabrous on surface, or pubescent; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2-0.4 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-15 cm long; 10-27 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous, or hirsute; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade margins scabrous; ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 10-40 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading. Panicle branches smooth, or scabrous; glabrous in axils, or bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; subacute, or acute; 2.2-2.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; subacute, or acute; 2.2-2.7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.7-2.1 mm long; indurate; dark brown; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.6-1.9 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 1.5-1.6 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Ceyl 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Borneo, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Panicum notatum Retz. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6652], Thailand K000620795
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20595], Thailand K000620796
    Kerr, A.F.G. [20595], Thailand K000620797
    Sorensen, Th. [5416], Thailand K000682779
    Larsen, K. [9573], Thailand K000682776
    Larsen, K. [10288], Thailand K000682777
    Larsen, K. [247], Thailand K000682778
    Smitinand, T. [1914], Thailand K000682772
    Smitinand, T. [2499], Thailand K000682773
    Smitinand, T. [3077], Thailand K000682774
    Smitinand, T. [3668], Thailand K000682775
    Put [2257], Thailand K000620798
    Put [2257], Thailand K000620799
    Put [2257], Thailand K000620800
    Put [4536], Thailand K000620801
    Put [4536], Thailand K000620802
    Put [4536], Thailand K000620803
    Iboet [556] K000290608
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000245233
    Ryves, T.B. [KS95/032], Thailand K000682783
    Ryves, T.B. [KS95/032], Thailand K000682781
    Ryves, T.B. [KS95/032], Thailand K000682782
    Laegaard [21602], Thailand K000682780
    Nov 20, 1931 Wight, R. [2342], India Panicum montanum K000674362
    Wight, R. [2342], India Panicum montanum K000245234

    Bibliography

    First published in Observ. Bot. 4: 18 (1786)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0