1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Paspalum L.
      1. Paspalum maritimum Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cuba, Puerto Rico, Colombia to N. South America and Brazil.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; scaly. Stolons absent, or present. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-50 cm long. Culm-nodes black; pubescent, or bearded. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 6-50 cm long; 8-20 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-7; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 4-9 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-6 cm long. Rhachis wingless; flattened. Spikelet packing crowded; irregular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; plano-convex; 1.7-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; plano-convex; 1.7-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 3 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma ovate; 1.7-2 mm long; indurate; light brown; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Man Gr WI 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, French Guiana, Guyana, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Venezuela

    Paspalum maritimum Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2014 Balansa, B. [62], Paraguay K001054544
    May 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1223], Brazil K000982487
    Jan 1, 1978 Davidse, G. [11159], Brazil K000982484
    Harley, R.M. [17035], Bahia K000004085
    Harley, R.M. [17380], Bahia K000004088
    Coradin, L. [8478], Brazil K000982491
    Spruce, R. [171], Brazil K000982485
    Spruce, R. [822], Brazil K000982486
    Riedel [21], Brazil K000643806
    Riedel [32], Brazil K000643807
    Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K000982493
    Hostmann [658], Suriname K000643810
    Hostmann [658], Suriname K000643811
    Swanson [s.n.], Brazil K000982490
    Abraham, A.A. [173], Guyana K000643808
    Abraham, A.A. [173], Guyana K000643809 Unknown type material
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17243], Brazil K000982489
    Hatschbach, G.G. [38355], Brazil K000982492
    Gardner [6184], Brazil K000982488
    Gardner [6104], Brazil K000982494
    Woodson Jr. [991], Brazil K000982495

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(2): 148 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0