1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris barbata (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Butt sheaths light brown; glabrous. Glands wart-like. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-60 cm long; 4-10 -noded. Culm-nodes bearded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute; with simple hairs, or tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 20 cm long; 12 mm wide; flaccid; glandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; with simple hairs and tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 200 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 11 cm long; 7 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 5-6 mm long; 2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 8-11 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 3 mm long; exserted; shorter than principal. Palea surface pubescent; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.8-2 mm long; yellow.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris barbata (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1953 [Geyhrov?] [3158], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702909
    Linder, H.P. [4335], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702908
    Esterhuysen, E. [21885], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702891
    Esterhuysen, E. [27002], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702892
    Esterhuysen, E. [26611], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702893
    Esterhuysen, E. [18049], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702894
    Esterhuysen, E. [18181], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702895
    Esterhuysen, E. [8339], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702896
    Esterhuysen, E. [35817], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702897
    Esterhuysen, E. [34724], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702898
    Esterhuysen, E. [28607a], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702899
    Esterhuysen, E. [28607], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702900
    Esterhuysen, E. [33679], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702901
    Parker, R.N. [3601], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702913
    Parker, R.N. [4810], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702914
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000367203
    Acocks, J.P.H. [19751], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702903
    Acocks, J.P.H. [17369], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702904
    Acocks, J.P.H. [19067], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702905
    Acocks, J.P.H. [2275b], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702906
    Acocks, J.P.H. [2300], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702907
    Acocks, J.P.H. [24160], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702911
    Compton, R.H. [23023], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702910
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [3328], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000367202
    Phillips, E. P. [11124], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702902
    Pillans, N. [1870], South Africa Pentaschistis barbata K000702912

    First published in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 298 (1841)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis barbata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0