1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris cirrhulosa (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 15-30 cm long; 3-7 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glandular. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 3-7 cm long; 0.5-3 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 50 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 3-6 cm long; 1.5-5 cm wide. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1 length of fertile spikelet; glandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 5-9 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 5-9 mm long; 1.5-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy all along, or below. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 7-20 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 1-7 mm long; exserted, or equalling glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface glabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long; purple.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris cirrhulosa (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2003 Steyn, H.M. [369], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719050
    Taylor, H.C. [4729], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719052
    Burchell [6270], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000367180
    Linder, H.P. [4354], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719047
    Linder, H.P. [4354], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719048
    Linder, H.P. [4367], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719049
    Linder, H.P. [4354], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719051
    Schlechter [10286], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000367178 Unknown type material
    Schlechter [10286], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000367179
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20385], South Africa Pentaschistis cirrhulosa K000719053

    First published in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 298 (1841)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis cirrhulosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0