1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris curvifolia (Schrad.) Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons absent, or present. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands absent. Culms 40-50 cm long; 6 -noded. Lateral branches sparse. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or woolly. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades straight, or curled; 30 cm long; 4 mm wide; stiff; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 100 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; oblong; 4-9 cm long; 2-5 cm wide. Panicle branches eglandular; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.8 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 8-12 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; pallid; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 8-12 mm long; 2.6-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; pallid; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-4 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy on veins. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 1 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 10-17 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 4-7 mm long; equalling glumes, or enclosed by glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-2.3 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris curvifolia (Schrad.) Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 30, 1959 Webster, M.M. [N18a], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719725
    Jan 29, 1959 Webster, M.M. [N62a], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719726
    Jul 29, 1924 Rogers, F.A. [R17489], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719743
    Story, R. [3652], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719753
    Smith, C.A. [4665], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719719
    Webster, M.M. [N71], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719727
    Crook, A.O. [1026], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719748
    Crook, A.O. [2303], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719754
    Hutchinson, J. [1247], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719731
    Taylor, H.C. [5327], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719714
    Taylor, H.C. [5587], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719715
    Taylor, H.C. [5478], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719716
    Taylor, H.C. [5389], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719717
    Taylor, H.C. [6029], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719760
    Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719758
    Linder, H.P. [4336], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719744
    Linder, H.P. [4355], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719756
    Cole [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719759
    Esterhuysen, E. [28043], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719749
    Esterhuysen, E. [34059], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719761
    Schlechter [9189], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719728
    Parker, R.N. [3608], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719757
    Werdermann, E. [746], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719712
    Werdermann, E. [742], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719713
    Werdermann, E. [740], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719722
    Compton, R.H. [23022], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719720
    MacOwan [1695], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719739
    MacOwan [1696], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719740
    Bolus, F. [14673], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719745
    Hanekom, W.J. [2841], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719755
    Sandwith, C. [75], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719732
    Boucher, C. [2285], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719730
    Boucher, C. [1673], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719750
    Boucher, C. [608], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719751
    Orchard, E.R. [269], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719752
    Ellis, R.P. [2224], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719763
    Duthie, A. V. [123], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719729
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719737
    s.coll. [7171], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719741
    s.coll. [523], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719742
    Rehm, S. [571], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719724
    vanRensburg, W.L.J. [238], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719718
    Acocks, J.P.H. [19832], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719723
    Acocks, J.P.H. [18600], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719746
    Acocks, J.P.H. [18600], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719747
    Acocks, J.P.H. [24482], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719762
    Hugo, L. [2139], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719764
    van derMerwe, P. [24-56], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719721
    Zeyher, D. [4531], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719733
    Zeyher, D. [3155], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719734
    Zeyher, D. [1824], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719735
    Zeyher, D. [1824], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719736
    Baily [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis curvifolia K000719738

    First published in Linnaea 7: 313 (1832)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis curvifolia.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0