1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris densifolia (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; cushion forming. Stolons present. Butt sheaths light brown. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 9-25 cm long; 15-50 -noded. Lateral branches ample. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 4 cm long; 1.5 mm wide; stiff; glandular. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; hairy adaxially; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 10-50 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 1-5 cm long; 0.5-3.5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; smooth, or scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5-4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5-4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1.7-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.3-0.5 mm long; incised 0.1-0.2 of lemma length; truncate; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 3-6 mm long overall; with a straight or slightly twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 1-2 mm long; equalling glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface pubescent; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.5-1.8 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.
    Diagnostic
    Leaves turning pink with age.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris densifolia (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pillans, N.S. [6114], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000719046
    Schlechter [10217], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000367175
    Pearson, H.H.W. [3504], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000719044
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000367173
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000367176 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000367174 Unknown type material
    Rehmann, A. [2586], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000367177
    Schlechter, R. [9120], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000719043
    s.coll. [9028], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000719042
    s.coll. [6], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000719045
    Rehm, S. [808], South Africa Pentaschistis densifolia K000719041

    First published in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 298 (1841)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis densifolia.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0