1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris heptamera (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Glands absent. Culms 20-30 cm long; 8-10 -noded. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 6-8 cm long; 0.5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; oblong; 3-5 cm long; 1-3 cm wide. Panicle branches pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 5-6 mm long; 2.5-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface pilose. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 3-5 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 10-15 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 6-10 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea apex awned. Rhachilla extension 0-0.05 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.5-2.1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris heptamera (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tyson, W. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719785
    Tyson, W. [15135], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719786
    Ecklon [659], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000367086
    Ecklon [659], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000367087
    Fourcade, H.G. [1810], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719787
    Fourcade, H.G. [1810], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719788
    Phillips, E.P. [3367], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719783
    Phillips, E.P. [3367], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719789
    Acocks, J.P.H. [21839], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719791
    Galpin, E. [2926], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719784
    Archibold, E.E.A. [3920], South Africa Pentaschistis heptamera K000719790

    First published in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 298 (1841)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis heptamera.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0