1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris lima (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons present. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; villous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 45 cm long; 2 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 30 cm long; 0.5 mm wide; stiff; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute; muticous, or pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 100 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 8-12 cm long; 1.5 cm wide. Panicle branches pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.75 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 6-7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough generally. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 6-7 mm long; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough generally. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 2 mm long; enclosed by glumes; shorter than principal.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 3 mm long; yellow.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris lima (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 299 (1841)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis lima.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0