1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris scabra (Nees) Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Butt sheaths glabrous. Glands wart-like, or raised crateriform. Culms geniculately ascending; 10-40 cm long; 20-50 -noded. Lateral branches ample. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty, or bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 3.5-10 cm long; 3-6 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins eglandular, or glandular; smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-150 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 1.5-4 cm long; 1-4 cm wide. Panicle branches glabrous in axils, or bearded in axils (rarely). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 5-7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous; rough below. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 5-7 mm long; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous; rough below. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.3 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 12-14 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 5-6 mm long; exserted; shorter than principal. Palea surface glabrous, or villous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2.3-3 mm long; brown, or purple.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris scabra (Nees) Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Taylor, H.C. [8033], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702939
    Taylor, H.C. [5298], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702941
    Bolus, L. [14902], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702938
    Linder, H.P. [4238], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702936
    Hitchcock, A.S. [24079], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702943
    Sandwith, C. [150A], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702937
    Boucher, C. [1404], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702940
    Schlechter, R. [1670], South Africa Pentaschistis subulifolia K000702942

    First published in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 299 (1841)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pentaschistis papillosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0