1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pharus P.Browne
      1. Pharus vittatus Lem.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central America to Colombia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 50-70 cm long; 3 mm diam. Culm-internodes solid. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-2 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole; petiole 1 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades inverted; elliptic; 6-14 cm long; 30-80 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation slanting obliquely from midrib; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 6-15 cm long; pubescent above. Panicle open; ovate; 15-20 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches spreading; simple. Panicle axis puberulous; with hooked hairs; bearing deciduous branches. Panicle branches stiff; pubescent; with hooked hairs. Sexes mixed. Spikelets ascending, or spreading; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 1 in a cluster. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; curved (sigmoid); subterete; 20-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; 1 flowered; separately deciduous; lanceolate; 3-5 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; curved (sigmoid); subterete; 20-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear; 2.7-4.5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 0.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 20-23 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface pubescent; with hooked hairs. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex acute; without appendage (or almost so). Palea linear; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 1.4-1.7 mm long. Stigmas 3; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; sulcate on hilar side.
    Male
    Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; 1 flowered; separately deciduous; lanceolate; 3-5 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Phareae. = Pharus cornutus. Fl Costa Rica.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá

    Pharus vittatus Lem. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 3(Misc.): 50, t. 265 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0