1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phippsia (Trin.) R.Br.
      1. Phippsia algida (Sol.) R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic to Rocky Mountains, N. India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms decumbent; 2-10 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.9-1.8 mm long. Leaf-blades 1-5 cm long; 0.5-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex hooded.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 1-3 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 1-1.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 1-1.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0-0.5 mm long; 0-1 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.2-0.5 mm long; 0.2-0.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1-1.5 mm long; hyaline; keeled; 1-3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure; less than two thirds length of lemma. Lemma surface hispidulous. Lemma apex erose; obtuse. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2; 0.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; exposed between gaping lemma and palea at maturity. Hilum elliptic.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia and Soviet far east. North America: Subarctic, eastern Canada, and northwest USA.
    Reference
    Poeae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, Colorado, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, India, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Labrador, Magadan, Montana, North European Russi, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Svalbard, Sweden, West Siberia, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yukon

    Phippsia algida (Sol.) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Kharkevich, S. [1069], Russian Federation K000496167
    Jan 1, 1975 Kharkevich, S. [1069], Russian Federation K000496165
    Jan 1, 1974 Kharkevich, S. [1069], Russian Federation K000496166
    Jul 24, 1954 Alm, C.G. [2057], Sweden K000496185
    Aug 12, 1932 Sørensen, T.J. [3433], Greenland K000496177
    Jun 16, 1932 Sørensen, T.J. [3432], Greenland K000496176
    Aug 17, 1930 Lid, J. [7], Svalbard & Jan Mayen K000496164
    Trapnell, C.G. [285], Greenland K000496169
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Subarctic America K000789884
    Polunin, N. [24013], USA K000496193
    Wiggins, I.L. [12589], USA K000496171
    Wiggins, I.L. [12531], USA K000496172
    Wiggins, I.L. [12994], USA K000496173
    Samuelsson, G. [224], Sweden K000496186
    Martins, M. [122], Norway K000789882
    Zetterstedt, J.E. [s.n.], Norway K000496187
    Zetterstedt, J.E. [s.n.], Norway K000496188
    Thompson, H.J. [1183], USA K000496170
    Hutchison, J.W. [634], USA K000496175
    s.coll. [s.n.], Canada K000789883
    Malte, M.O. [126844], Canada K000496192
    Holmberg, O.R. [s.n.], Sweden K000496181
    Wahlenberg, G. [s.n.], Norway K000789885
    Feilden, H.W. [s.n.], Russian Federation K000496168
    Normann, C.M. [s.n.], Norway K000496180
    Strøm, B. [s.n.], Norway K000496182
    Söyrinki, N. [1042], Finland K000496183
    Steward, A.C. [s.n.], Greenland K000496191
    Aug 8, 1926 Lynge, B. [s.n.], Svalbard & Jan Mayen Catabrosa algida K000496189
    Jul 30, 1899 Simmons, H.G. [1264], Canada Catabrosa algida K000496190
    Nov 6, 1864 Watson, H.C. [s.n.], Norway Catabrosa algida K000496178
    Vaage, J. [s.n.], Greenland Catabrosa algida K000496174
    Aulbery, F. [s.n.], Norway Catabrosa algida K000496184

    First published in Chlor. Melvill.: 27 (1823)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0