1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pogonachne Bor
      1. Pogonachne racemosa Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 60-100 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 12-25 cm long; 10-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence compound; scanty. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole. Spatheole linear; 6-12 cm long; herbaceous. Racemes 1; single; 4-6 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear; 4 mm long. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 0-1 in the cluster. Pedicels cuneate; flattened; 2.5-3 mm long; ciliate; tip cupuliform.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets absent, or represented by single glumes; linear; 0.5 mm long; shorter than fertile; persistent. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; gibbous; 10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base. Spikelet callus cuneate; 1 mm long; bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 0.4 length of spikelet.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets absent, or represented by single glumes; linear; 0.5 mm long; shorter than fertile; persistent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; gibbous; 10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base. Spikelet callus cuneate; 1 mm long; bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 0.4 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; gibbous; coriaceous; with membranous margins; without keels; keel-less except near apex; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; with a dorsal tuft of hair. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; 3 -veined. Fertile lemma oblong; 5-6 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 30-40 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea 0.8 length of lemma; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 2 mm long. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Bor.

    Images

    Distribution

    Pogonachne racemosa Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1949 Woodrow, G.M. [s.n.], Maharashtra K000245764 holotype
    Jan 1, 1949 Woodrow, G.M. [s.n.], Maharashtra K000245766 isotype
    Jan 1, 1949 Woodrow, G.M. [s.n.], Maharashtra K000246012 paratype
    Jan 1, 1949 Woodrow, G.M. [s.n.], Maharashtra K000246013 paratype
    Woodrow, G.M. [s.n.], Maharashtra K000245765 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 4: 176 (1949)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0