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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Polypogon Desf.
      1. Polypogon elongatus Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central & S. Central U.S.A. to Central America, Venezuela to W. South America, SE. & S. Brazil to S. South America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 60-100 cm long; 1-3 mm diam. Culm-nodes constricted; brown. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-8 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 4-15 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 10-30 cm long; glabrous. Panicle contracted; lanceolate, or elliptic; 10-30 cm long; 1-7 cm wide. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 3-5 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-2 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 2-3 mm long; 2-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1-1.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins excurrent. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 1.2-2 mm long overall. Palea 0.33-0.5 length of lemma; hyaline; 0 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.5-0.7 mm long; yellow.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    North America: southwest USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Costa Rica.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1000 - 3500 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polypogon elongatus Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clayton, W.D. [4253], Brazil K001101209
    Clayton, W.D. [4353], Brazil K001101210
    Clayton, W.D. [4641], Brazil K001101215
    Clayton, W.D. [4496], Brazil K001101216
    Hatschbach, G. [28363], Brazil K001101203
    Hatschbach, G. [23058], Brazil K001101204
    Spruce, R. [5803+], Ecuador K000201586
    Spruce, R. [5803+], Ecuador K000201587
    Spruce, R. [5803], Ecuador K000201588
    Davidse, G. [11002], Brazil K001101208
    Kummrow, R. [3097A], Brazil K001101202
    Smith, L.B. [13375], Brazil K001101213
    Smith, L.B. [15453], Brazil K001101214
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001101223
    Lechler, W. [1542], Peru K000308484
    Mueller, F. [64], Brazil K001101220
    Widgren [s.n.], Brazil K001101217
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001101221
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001101222
    Ferreira, F.M. [1227], Brazil K001101211
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2160], Brazil K001101205
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1691], Brazil K001101206
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1920], Brazil K001101207
    Ferreira, A.R. [18] K001101219
    Glaziou, A. [6995], Brazil K001101212
    Glaziou, A. [6975], Brazil K001101218

    Bibliography

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 134 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/