1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pseudopentameris Conert
      1. Pseudopentameris brachyphylla (Stapf) Conert

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with curly dead sheaths. Culms 30-90 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 5-15 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-10 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; lanceolate, or oblong; 7-12 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-45 mm long; 10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pubescent; pungent; disarticulating obliquely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-45 mm long; 10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pubescent; pungent; disarticulating obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 30-45 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 30-45 mm long; 3-4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; subterete; 9-11 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy all along. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.3-0.4 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 19-30 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; wrapped around principal; 6-8 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pseudopentameris brachyphylla (Stapf) Conert appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Taylor, H.C. [5138], South Africa K000719942
    Zeyher [1826], South Africa K000367073
    Boucher, C. [1938], South Africa K000719945
    Orchard, E.R. [219], South Africa K000719947
    Williams, I. [2542], South Africa K000719943
    Williams, I. [3149], South Africa K000719944
    v.d.Merwe, P. [1158], South Africa K000719946

    First published in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 10: 304 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0