1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pseudopentameris Conert
      1. Pseudopentameris macrantha (Schrad.) Conert

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 50-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 15-45 cm long; 2-8 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; ovate; 9-23 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 35-55 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 2.5 mm long; bearded; with longer hairs above; disarticulating obliquely. Floret callus hairs 0.33 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 35-55 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 2.5 mm long; bearded; with longer hairs above; disarticulating obliquely. Floret callus hairs 0.33 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 35-55 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 35-55 mm long; 4-5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; subterete; 9-11 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.3 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 20-30 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 10-18 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets 0-1 in number; barren; lanceolate; 0-1 mm long.
    Flowers
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. Hilum linear; 0.8 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pseudopentameris macrantha (Schrad.) Conert appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 30, 1959 Webster, M.M. [N59], South Africa K000719957
    Crook, A.O. [1022], South Africa K000719956
    Taylor, H.C. [6949], South Africa K000719951
    Taylor, H.C. [5447], South Africa K000719952
    Taylor, H.C. [4051], South Africa K000719969
    Burchell [6752], South Africa K000719968
    Burchell [6292], South Africa K000719975
    Harvey [305], South Africa K000367072
    Linder, H.P. [4237], South Africa K000719967
    Cole [s.n.], South Africa K000719954
    Werdermann, E. [77], South Africa K000719972
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa K000367067
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367069
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367071
    MacOwan [1699], South Africa K000719963
    Ecklon, U.J. [932], South Africa K000719962
    Bolus, F. [14682], South Africa K000719961
    Petropolitani [s.n.], South Africa K000367070
    Berguis [s.n.], South Africa K000367066
    Berguis [s.n.], South Africa K000367068
    Sandwith, C. [73], South Africa K000719964
    Sandwith, C. [73], South Africa K000719965
    Boucher, C. [4821], South Africa K000719953
    Zeyher [1825], South Africa K000719959
    Zeyher [1825], South Africa K000719970
    Zeyher [3135], South Africa K000719973
    Orchard, E.R. [262], South Africa K000719955
    Cleghorn, W.B. [2495], South Africa K000719949
    Wolley Dod, A.H. [2808], South Africa K000719974
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa K000719960
    Acocks, J.P.H. [24483], South Africa K000719950
    Acocks, J.P.H. [22476], South Africa K000719958
    Acocks, J.P.H. [22790], South Africa K000719966
    deMet [00929], South Africa K000719948
    vanReensburg, W.L.J. [200], South Africa K000719971

    First published in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 10: 304 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0