1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Puccinellia Parl.
      1. Puccinellia maritima (Huds.) Parl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, Europe.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons present. Culms erect, or decumbent, or prostrate; 10-80 cm long; 2-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; without keel; smooth. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long. Leaf-blades 2-20 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex obtuse, or abruptly acute; hooded.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear, or lanceolate, or ovate; 3-25 cm long; 0.4-8 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches stiff; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 2-3.5 mm long; 0.8-1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2-4 mm long; 0.6-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-5 mm long; membranous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure; stopping well short of apex. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy below. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2-2.8 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 2-3 mm long. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, and eastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. North America: Subarctic, eastern Canada, northwest USA, northeast USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Poeae. CEH.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Corse, Italy, Morocco, Sardegna

    Native to:

    Baltic States, Belgium, Canary Is., Denmark, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, North European Russi, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden

    Introduced into:

    California, Connecticut, Delaware, Greenland, Maine, Masachusettes, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Nova Scotia, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Washington

    Puccinellia maritima (Huds.) Parl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Praeger, R.L. [s.n.], Great Britain K000789692
    Praeger, R.L. [s.n.], Great Britain K000789693
    s.coll. [155], Great Britain K000789689
    Druce, G.C. [825/5], Great Britain K000789690
    Druce, G.C. [2776], Great Britain K000789691

    First published in Fl. Ital. 1: 370 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0