1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Rostraria Trin.
      1. Rostraria pumila (Lam.) Tzvelev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 5-35 cm long; 1-4 -noded. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 3-7 cm long; 1-3 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade surface glabrous to hirsute. Leaf-blade apex obtuse, or abruptly acute; hardened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; oblong, or ovate; continuous, or interrupted; 1-6 cm long; 0.4-0.5 cm wide. Panicle axis glabrous, or puberulous. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 2.5-3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface villous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 2.5-3 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliolate. Upper glume surface glabrous, or villous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.75 way up back of lemma; 2-3 mm long overall. Palea gaping; 0.5-0.66 length of lemma; hyaline. Palea keels scaberulous. Rhachilla extension villous; with 1 mm long hairs.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.3 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, and south. Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Canary Is., Egypt, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sinai, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Rostraria pumila (Lam.) Tzvelev appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sinai K000345045
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000795073 Unknown type material
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000795072 Unknown type material
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000795074

    First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 48 (1970 publ. 1971)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Al-Rawi, A. (1987). Flora of Kuwait 2: 1-455. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0