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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sasa Makino & Shibata
      1. Sasa palmata (Burb.) E.G.Camus

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Korea, Sakhalin to Japan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 150-300 cm long; 7-10 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 14-20 cm long. Lateral branches suffrutescent. Bud complement 1. Branch complement one; solitary; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; glabrous; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades oblong; 18-30 cm long; 50-80 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 19-29 vascular bundles.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 10-15 cm long. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear, or oblong; laterally compressed; 25-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 4 mm long; eventually visible between lemmas; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear, or oblong; laterally compressed; 25-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 4 mm long; eventually visible between lemmas; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.5-3 mm long; 0.25-0.75 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2-4 mm long; 0.3-0.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface asperulous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 9 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back and on flanks. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.5 mm long; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4 mm long. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern and southwestern. Asia-temperate: Soviet far east and eastern Asia. Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 10-50 cm long; 3-4 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Culm-nodes constricted; glabrous. Lateral branches suffrutescent. Bud complement 1. Branch complement one; solitary. Leaves 2-4 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 5-8.7 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty, or lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3-0.7 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or elliptic; 7-21 cm long; 14-66 mm wide; light green and glaucous; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade venation with 12-22 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Flowering specimens unknown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Nakai 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Japan, Korea, Kuril Is., Sakhalin

    Introduced into:

    Czechoslovakia, France, Great Britain, Ireland, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Sasa palmata (Burb.) E.G.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000872660
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K000872661

    Bibliography

    First published in Bambusées: 25 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ohrnberger, D. (1999). The bamboos of the world : annotated nomenclature and literature of the species and the higher and lower taxa: 1-585. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/