1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Scolochloa Link
      1. Scolochloa festucacea (Willd.) Link

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & E. Central Europe to Mongolia, Subarctic America to W. Central & N. Central U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; fleshy. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-6 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 5-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; 15-25 cm long. Panicle branches angular; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose. Floret callus hairs 0.1-0.2 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose. Floret callus hairs 0.1-0.2 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets, or shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-5.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 5-6 mm long; 0.75-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 6 mm long; scarious; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or granulose. Lemma apex erose; acute. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and China. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, northwest USA, and north-central USA.
    Reference
    Poeae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, Central European Rus, Chita, East European Russia, Finland, Germany, Idaho, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Manchuria, Manitoba, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Oregon, Poland, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Sweden, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yukon

    Introduced into:

    Mexico Northeast

    Scolochloa festucacea (Willd.) Link appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Besser, W.S.J.G.von [s.n.] K000913372
    Mosy [s.n.] K000913371
    Mosy [s.n.] K000913374
    Goldbach, C.L. [9] K000913373

    First published in Hort. Berol. 1: 136 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0