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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Semiarundinaria Makino ex Nakai
      1. Semiarundinaria fastuosa (Lat.-Marl. ex Mitford) Makino

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Japan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 500-800 cm long; 20-40 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes channelled; thin-walled; 10-30 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches, or 3 branches dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; coriaceous; pubescent; hairy at the base; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade linear. Leaves cauline; 3-7 per branch. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 18-24 cm long; 15-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; 3-5 cm long; lax; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 20-40 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 50-100 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 50-100 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 15-17 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-11 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma; 6 -veined. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 3.5 mm long; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3; 9-10 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, China, and eastern Asia. Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Lin.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Japan

    Introduced into:

    Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand North, Taiwan

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Semiarundinaria fastuosa (Lat.-Marl. ex Mitford) Makino appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000912238
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000912240
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000912242
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000912241
    Mitford, A.B.F. [s.n.] K000912239
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain Arundinaria fastuosa K000795267
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain Arundinaria fastuosa K000795281

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Jap. Bot. 2: 8 (1918)

    Accepted by

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • (2019). doi: 10.3897/italianbotanist.8.48621 epublication.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0