1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sorghum Moench
      1. Sorghum burmahicum Raizada

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Indo-China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 120-150 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaves cauline. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long. Leaf-blades 25-50 cm long; 4-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins spinulose. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; oblong; 10-23 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes; simple; 1-8 cm long. Panicle branches capillary; scaberulous. Racemes bearing few fertile spikelets; 4-5 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes filiform; 3.5-4 mm long. Rhachis internode tip transverse; cupuliform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; 3.5-4.25 mm long; 1 length of fertile spikelet; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4 mm long; as long as fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; 5-7 -veined; setose; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse. Spikelet callus hairs red.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4 mm long; as long as fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; 5-7 -veined; setose; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse. Spikelet callus hairs red.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; with lower wider than upper; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; dark brown; without keels; keel-less except near apex; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume elliptic; chartaceous; much thinner above; dark brown; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 2 -veined; ciliolate on margins. Fertile lemma oblong; 1.5 mm long; hyaline; 1 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 10-20 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn pubescent; hairy on the spiral. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. WDC.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Myanmar, Thailand

    Sorghum burmahicum Raizada appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2215], Thailand K000620423
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2215], Thailand K000620424
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2215], Thailand K000620435
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2215], Thailand K000620436
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8010], Thailand K000620433
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16212], Thailand K000620434
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620437
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620438
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620439
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620440
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620441
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620442
    Kerr, A.F.G. [907], Thailand K000620443
    Lazarides, M. [7403], Thailand K000688623
    Lazarides, M. [7418], Thailand K000688624
    Marcan, A. [2726], Thailand K000620445
    Charoenphol, Ch. [4517], Thailand K000688614
    Bunchuai, K. [1280], Thailand K000688622
    Phengklai, C. [3067], Thailand K000688621

    First published in Indian Forester 83: 315 (1957)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0