1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus albicans (Nees ex Trin.) Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Rhizomes short. Culms 20-36 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-12 cm long; 1 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; loose; 2.5-6 cm long. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.25 length of upper glume; hyaline; pallid; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.75-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; pallid; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Gr S Afr 1993.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Rhizomatous, mat-forming perennial; culms up to 30 cm tall, erect or geniculately ascending, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, terete, persistent; leaf laminas 1–7 cm long, 1–1.5 mm in diameter, stiff, green or somewhat glaucous, tightly involute, glabrous, the margins subcartilaginous, pungent at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 3.5–7.5 cm long, narrowly oblong, contracted but not dense; primary branches not in whorls, subdichotomously branched, the branches and pedicels ascending, capillary, smooth, eglandular, without an obvious pulvinus in the axils, these quite glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.9–2.5 mm long, pallid; glumes unequal, ovate-elliptic, hyaline, glabrous, obtuse at the apex, the inferior 1/3 the length of the spikelet, nerveless, the superior 2/3 the length of the spikelet 0–1-nerved; lemma as long as the spikelet, hyaline, 3-nerved, ovate-elliptic, obtuse at the apex; anthers 3, 0.8–1.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain c. 1.5 mm long, obovate-elliptic.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Northern Provinces

    Sporobolus albicans (Nees ex Trin.) Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000365174 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000365175 Unknown type material
    Leendertz, R. [1568], Transvaal K000365176 Unknown type material

    First published in Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 154 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0