1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus bechuanicus Gooss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Densely caespitose perennial, sometimes with short but distinct rhizomes; culms up to 85 cm tall (rarely less than 50 cm), unbranched, erect or occasionally decumbent and rooting at the nodes to form woody stolons; basal leaf sheaths firmly chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, terete or lightly compressed, smooth and glabrous, persistent; leaf laminas 6.5–20 cm × 2–3 mm, glaucous, stiff but flexuous, usually involute, rarely flat, glabrous, pectinate-scabrid on the margins, pungent at the apex but not spiny.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 9.5–20 cm long, linear, contracted; primary branches not in whorls, (5)10–20 mm long, loosely appressed to the axis, glabrous, eglandular, the spikelets densely packed along the whole length.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets (1.5)2–3 mm long, pallid to pale green or greyish; inferior glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, ovate, hyaline, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse to subacute at the apex; superior glume (2/3)4/5 as long to as long as the spikelet, ovate-elliptic to ovate, hyaline, 1-nerved, glabrous, obtuse to subacute at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong-elliptic; anthers 3, 1.2–1.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain 1–1.2 mm long, elliptic, lightly laterally compressed.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 50-80 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 12-20 cm long; 3-3.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; loose; 6-24 cm long. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.25 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; cartilaginous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Gr S Afr 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Sporobolus bechuanicus Gooss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1996 McClintock, A. [59], Botswana K000058104
    May 1, 1996 Plowes, D.C.H. [1847], Zimbabwe K000058113
    May 1, 1996 Pole-Evans, I.B. [3272], Botswana K000058102
    May 1, 1996 Smith, P.A. [2967], Botswana K000058101
    May 1, 1996 Ngoni, J.F. [322], Botswana K000058107
    May 1, 1996 Ellis, R.P. [2766], Botswana K000058106
    May 1, 1996 Terry, J. [237], Botswana K000058108
    May 1, 1996 Terry, J. [100], Botswana K000058109
    May 1, 1996 s.coll. [37], Botswana K000058105
    May 1, 1996 Goossens, A.P.G. [616], Botswana K000058103
    Jan 1, 1955 Leistner, O.A. [18], South Africa K000058114
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [3277], Botswana K000058110 syntype
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [3279], Botswana K000058111 syntype
    Pentz, J.A. [8417], Botswana K000058112 syntype

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934: 197 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0