1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus confinis (Steud.) Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths herbaceous; withering. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 30-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-15 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 8-15 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.6-2.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.6-2.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or oblong; 0.7-1.2 mm long; 0.6 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.2-1.9 mm long; 0.75-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; dark green; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.6-2.1 mm long; membranous; dark green; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.9-1.1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; 0.7-0.8 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical and east tropical. Asia-temperate: Arabia.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Strongly rhizomatous perennial, with long slender creeping rhizomes, the basal sheaths neither fibrous nor indurated; culms 30–60 cm. high, erect or geniculately ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, fairly short, 5–15 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, the tip filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle narrowly ovate, 8–15 cm. long, secondarily branched, the branches bare for their lower 1/3 and the spikelets in secund clusters at the tips of the branchlets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.6–2.1 mm. long, smooth or scaberulous, dark green; lower glume lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 0.7–1.2 mm. long; upper glume narrowly ovate, 1.2–1.9 mm long, 3/4–4/5 as long as the spikelet; lemma narrowly ovate, as long as the spikelet; anthers 3, 0.9–1.1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain ellipsoid, 0.7–0.8 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Stony slopes and grassy places in deciduous bushland; 1500–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Yemen

    Sporobolus confinis (Steud.) Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Scott, H [71], Ethiopia K000365254 Unknown type material

    First published in Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 341 (1908 publ. 1907)

    Accepted by

    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Chiov. in Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 341 (1908).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0